- Bats belong to a group of animals called mammals.
- The bat is the only kind of mammal that can fly.
- Scientists divide bats into two main groups – megabats and microbats. Megabats are usually larger than microbats, and they have better eyesight.
- Mainly, Bats are night time creatures. These nocturnal animals take flight while many flying predators sleep.
- Bats are warm blooded, hairy, and equipped with mammary glands that produce milk for their young.
Features of Bat:
- A bat’s wings are made of thin skin that’s attached to its furry body and feet. Each wing includes five fingers, one of which is a claw. This enables them to swoop and glide through the darkness.
- Next, when resting, the bat hangs in its roost by its clawed back feet. The bat’s feet also have toes with claws. All of these claws help the bat hold onto rocks and branches.
- Then, when a bat hangs upside down to sleep, its feet retain a strong grip because the arrangement of its foot and leg tendons is such that its own weight keeps the toes curled tight.
- Most bats are insectivorous (insect eaters). Some bats also feed on fruit, nectar, pollen, fish, small mammals, and reptiles.
- Bats disperse seeds and pollen for hundreds of plant species, helping entire communities of trees and shrubs to survive and spread.
- Bats are found all over the world except for the North and South Poles, where it is too cold for them to live and extreme deserts. They are usually found in caves, trees and buildings.
- Above all, Bats can live in all environments. Whether we are in a city, a forest, or the desert, bats can be found nearby.
- Bats give birth to one or two young each year.
- The young are left in a nursery roost, clustered together for warmth, while mothers fly off to feed.
Kinds of bats:
To say, there are about 1,100 different kinds of bats, including red bats, brown bats, and dog-faced bats. They make up more than one fifth of all mammal species, yet few people have ever seen one.
Sounds of Bat:
- Bats find their way in the dark by making squeaks and clicks. They are so high pitched that most humans cannot hear them. This is called echolocation.
- The sounds made by the bat bounce off a nearby object such as a tree or a moth. The bat can detect the returning echoes with its large, forward pointing ears, and in a split second it has worked out the size, distance and direction of the object.
Finally today, many kinds of bats are becoming rare as their roosts are destroyed. Those areas are taken over for farming and building.