- The mosquito is one of the most common insects found in locations where humans dwell.
- There are over 3000 species of mosquitoes throughout the world.
- It is a small insect with two wings.
- Most species of mosquitoes are about three to six millimetres long and weigh up to 2.5 milligrams.
Habitat and range
- Mosquitoes are found throughout the world.
- Mosquitoes heavily populate in damp, shady places near water.
- Mosquitoes are usually black, brown, or grey.
- However, some species are bright blue or green.
- Also, many species have white or light colored markings on their back, wings, or legs.
- Mosquitoes have a slender body.
- Their body and wings are covered with hairs and thin scales.
- Male mosquitoes feed on nectar, while females suck blood.
- Mosquito larvae eat organic matter, bacteria and tiny plants and animals found in water.
- Only female mosquitoes bite, using a long mouth part to pierce the skin of the victim and suck its blood.
- Some species of mosquitoes feed on the blood of amphibians, while others feed on the blood of insects, birds and reptiles.
- Mosquitoes need blood for developing and laying eggs. Certain species bite human beings. They are sensitive to exhaled carbon dioxide and body odours. These help them to track their victim.
- The house mosquito is the most common mosquito in the world.
- It gets its name because it is commonly found in and around human dwellings.
- It is found in every continent except Antarctica.
- House mosquitoes are brown with white markings on their legs and mouthparts.
- Mosquitoes can fly at a maximum speed of 1.5miles per hour.
- They transmit a number of diseases to humans, birds and other mammals.